What is Fluorosis?
Fluorosis is a cosmetic condition that affects the teeth, mostly in Children. It’s caused by overexposure to fluoride during the first few years of life. – the time when permanent teeth are being formed.
Fluorosis is also called Dental Fluorosis. Fluoride is an important mineral, which helps to fight the bacteria that are in our mouth. The sugars and acids from the food that we eat combine with bacteria and damage the tooth enamel and cause tooth decay. In most cases, Fluorosis does not cause pain, neither does it affect the functioning of the tooth.
What are the causes of flurosis?
The major causes of Fluorosis are:
- Use of toothpaste and mouth rinses that contain too much fluoride.
- Swallowing toothpaste, especially in children
- Consumption or intake of higher dosage of the prescribed fluoride supplement.
- Higher than normal levels of fluoride in the drinking water.
What are the symptoms of flurosis
The patients might show the following changes in their teeth that can be symptoms of fluorosis:
- Slight changes in enamel ranging from white flecks to white spots.
- Tiny opaque paper white areas spread over the surface of the tooth.
- Opaque surface cover over more than half of the tooth surface.
- Pitting occurs on the tooth surface.
- Dark brown stains.
What is Treatment for flurosis?
Fluorosis attack is usually mild and in some cases, they appear at the back of the teeth, which doesn’t require any treatment.
Some of the ways used to treat fluorosis are:
- The dentists usually try improving the appearance of the teeth by masking the stains as part of the treatment. Some of the stain removing procedures includes tooth-whitening techniques.
- Veneers are used in cases of severe fluorosis. These are custom-made shells covering the front of the teeth.
- MI paste or a product of calcium phosphate along with microabrasion techniques can help minimize the discolouration.
Prevention of flurosis
Parents have to remain vigilant in order to prevent their children from contracting fluorosis. Some of the prevention measures that dentists usually recommend for parents to follow are:
- Supervise children while brushing so that they do not use and swallow too much of toothpaste or mouth rinse.
- Care should also be taken that children under the age of 3 should only use a smear of toothpaste whereas those above 3 up to the age of 6 may use pea size amount of toothpaste.
- Tooth brushing should be limited up to 2 times for this age group.
- If the water being used in the household is from the public water system, then the fluoride content needs to be analyzed for the presence of excessive fluorides.
- Keep all the fluoridated products such as toothpaste and mouth rinses out of reach of children. If a child consumes an excess amount of fluoridated products he or she might symptoms like nausea, diarrhoea and vomiting and abdominal pain.
Regular visits to the dentist are recommended in order to check the condition of the teeth. We examine any oral issues, the oral hygiene regime that needs to be followed and also the fluoride content in the teeth.